Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand

Coastal Dune Ecosystem Reference Database

Distribution and conservation status of the dune snail Succinea archeyi Powell (Stylommatophora: Succineidiae) in Northern New Zealand DOC Publication

Brook, F.J.
Journal / Source
Science for Conservation
Publisher / Organisation
Department of Conservation
landsnails, coastal dunes, Holocene, extinction, sea-rafted pumice, Loisels pumice, Tokerau pumice, northern New Zealand
At least four depositional episodes, each involving cycles of dune instability and sand accumulation followed by stabilisation and soil formation, are represented in a Holocene dune sequence at Tokerau Beach The first depositional episode followed the maximum post-glacial sea level rise at 6500 years BP, probably with formation of a narrow dune belt landward of the present coastline The second depositional episode resulted in extensive progradation of the dune belt to about the present coastline from c 3000- 2000 years BP, followed by dune stabilisation and soil formation from c 2000-900 years BP The third depositional episode involved vertical dune accretion at c 900-600 years BP, followed by stabilisation and soil formation after c 600 years BP The fourth depositional episode, after 240 years BP, resulted in further vertical dune accretion and localised extensive erosion and reworking of pre-existing dune deposits Fossil landsnail faunas indicate that there was patchy sandfield and shrubland vegetation on the dune belt from c 3000-2000 years BP, followed by a mosaic of shrubland and forest from c 2000-900 years BP After 900 years BP there was a progressive reversion to patchy shrubland vegetation, but an extensive shrubland cover again became established at c 600 years BP and persisted until c 450 years BP, when it was replaced by patchy shrubland and sandfield vegetation Dune progradational phases in the first two depositional episodes correlate with and probably developed primarily in response to changes in sea level, whereas subsequent alternating phases of dune stabilisation and build-up are inferred to have resulted in part from the influence of long term cyclical variation in prevailing local wind and wave regimes in Doubtless Bay Two stratigraphically distinct, exotic, sea-rafted pumice units are represented in the Tokerau dune sequence Tokerau pumice (new), which has a primary depositional age of c 3000 years BP, and Loisels pumice, which has a primary depositional age between 881 and 516 years BP