Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand

Coastal Dune Ecosystem Reference Database

Uresiphita polygonalis maorialis (Felder) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) Journal Paper

Kay, M.K.
Journal / Source
For. Timber Insects New Zealand
polycrystalline quartz, monocrystalline quartz, quartz, beach and dune sands, SEM, New Zealand
Petrographic and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses of quartz grains from beach and dune sands were carried out in the western and eastern Northland coasts, New Zealand, to examine variations in durability and surface texture, which are controlled by mechanical and chemical processes, in profiles across beach and dune environments. This was done through point counts of quartz grain properties based on extinction angle and crystallinity. Variations in surface texture were assessed through SEM observations of mechanical features (conchoidal fractures, smooth surfaces, groove forms) and chemical features (solution pits, etching, silica deposits). Mechanically produced grooves are associated with beach sands affected by the high energy of the surf zone. Both mechanical and chemical processes occur in the eastern dune sands. They are associated with the greater abundance of angular grains in the eastern dune sands than the western dune sands. In addition, conchoidal fractures produced by the collision of grains in aeolian environments and linear and curved grooves produced by quartz grains from the beach support the mechanical processes taking place in the dunes. Solution pits, etching, and the presence of diatoms in the quartz grains are associated with pedogenesis and high silica precipitation in the eastern beach and dune sands. The durability of coarse-grained polycrystalline quartz relative to fine-grained polycrystalline quartz suggests that chemical abrasion exerts control over the distribution of quartz types in the dune sands.