Coastal Restoration Trust of New Zealand

Coastal Dune Ecosystem Reference Database

Flora and vegetation of Kaitorete (Ellesmere) Spit Popular Article

Burrows, C.
Journal / Source
Cantebury Botanical Society journal
New Zealand lakes, limnology, eutrophication, phytoplankton, zooplankton, water transparency, aquatic plants, review
Research on New Zealand lakes over the past 25 years has focused mainly on eutrophication, measures of water quality, patterns, processes and production in plankton communities, and the spread and growth of submerged adventive macrophytes. Compared with most northern temperate lakes many New Zealand lakes show: low levels of inorganic nitrogen (N) and frequent N-limitation of phytoplankton growth; diffuse, rather than point source, nutrient inflows; a great diversity of optical properties; unusual and often variable timing of plankton growth (attributed to the pervasive influence of New Zealand's oceanic climate); low productivity and biomass of zooplankton, which appear to be limited by food rather than predators; and sensitivity to invasion by adventive macrophytes. Notable research develop-ments include improved methods of measuring nutrients, empirical predictive models that relate indices of eutrophication to nutrient loading, and significant advancements in methods of quantifying and measuring water colour and clarity.
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